Facial surgery can yield incredible results and increase patients’ experiences with gender euphoria. An individual’s choice to undergo a surgical procedure is often based in part on the comparison of the risks to potential benefits. While gender affirming surgery is performed in ways to prevent any risks or complications from occurring, every surgical procedure involves a certain amount of risk. That said, there are various steps we require our patients to take to reduce the risk of a potential complication. Learn more below about how age, medical history, and personal habits factor into risk prevention and surgical candidacy.
Although the majority of patients do not experience complications, you should discuss their possibility with your surgeon to make sure you understand the risks, potential complications, and consequences of facial surgery in your particular case. Some of the below risks are an expected part of facial surgery and may be short-lived (for example, changes in sensation), and some of the risks and complications listed on this page are very rare.
We understand that this list might be daunting, and we hope not to discourage anyone from pursuing this important step towards gender affirmation. The content on this page should be used for informational purposes only. To learn more about facial surgery and its risks, schedule a consultation with us.
Risks associated with all surgical procedures include:
The following is a list of risks that are associated with specific facial surgery procedures. Because not all patients are candidates for all available procedure types, contact us to learn more about the likelihood of risks associated with the specific procedures you are considering. The risk of experiencing a serious complication listed below is less than half of one percent, while mortality risks are less than 0.001%.
There are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk of complications before and after facial surgery. First,
Long term effects of sun exposure, aging, and weight loss or gain may impact your surgical results over time. Gender affirming facial surgery will not prevent patients from experiencing the normal signs of aging.
Generally speaking, your overall health (rather than age) is a much better indicator of your risk level. However, because older patients are at a higher risk of serious medical conditions, they may have higher risks. You may not be a good candidate for surgery if you have any of the following conditions:
Gender-affirming facial surgery may not be for everyone. Your surgeon will be able to determine if surgery is right for you following a personal examination and consultation.