Chest Reconstruction Top Surgery  Buttonhole Procedure

Buttonhole incision for top surgery or breast reduction

The buttonhole insicion is a technique for top surgery patients who do not have great ammounts of mammary tissue to remove and whose greatest priority is maintaining heightened nipple sensation. It is identical to the inverted-T procedure in many ways, as the nipple and areola do not need to be placed as a free nipple graft. In this case less skin needs to be removed than with the inverted-T procedure, the buttonhole approach does not require a vertical incision.

Buttonhole is a good choice for patients with less chest tissue who require less skin excision. Like the inverted-T, there is the possibility of retaining nipple sensation.  In our practice, the buttonhole procedure type is chosen if patients wish to have a more mound-like (not breast shaped) shape to each side of the chest, while the inverted T procedure is used for patients who wish to still have a breast-shaped form (albeit much smaller) to the chest areas.

The Buttonhole Procedure Explained

As with inverted-T, a thin “pedicle” is kept which maintains the sensation and blood supply to the nipple area. Use of the pedicle means that it is  possible (but not a guarantee) sensation may be maintained.  It can take several weeks to months after surgery to tell whether you will still have nipple sensation, and what kind of sensation you have kept.

Pros and Cons of the Buttonhole Procedure

Like the inverted-T procedure, buttonhole has the potential upside of a greater chance of keeping nipple sensation.  But, also like inverted-T, possible downsides include more tissue remaining in the chest, and the surgeon may not have the full control over the positioning of the nipple, as they would with the double incision procedure.  The amount of fullness left over is variable – based on how much chest tissue there was before surgery, and also based on the firmness of the chest tissue.

Finally, the surgeon still has the same challenge as with inverted-T,  in which they may not be able to customize the location of the incision quite as well as they could with a double incision  procedure.

How to Decide Between the Different Techniques

If you do not want free nipple grafts, or you hope to take a chance at maintaining nipple sensation,  buttonhole or inverted-T are good procedures to consider.

However, if your priority is a chest that is as flat as possible and if you want to have the best position of the areolas on the chest, double incision has the most flexibility in terms of goals regarding appearance.  And if your long-term priority is to work out and to have as muscular of a chest as possible, this procedure is not for you because the leftover tissue could hide the chest muscles. Ultimately, the best approach is to consult with a surgeon who can help guide you toward the procedure that is the best fit for your body and your goals.

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